Pet owners should have a first aid kit on hand at all times. In the home and in the car, especially during travel. The following first aid contents are seperated into: supplies, medications and just the basics:

Sterile gauze, wrap sponges, or Telfa pads: Use these items to cover wounds. Telfa pads will not stick to wounds like gauze.
Cling wrap, 1" white tape, and elasticon: Use these items to make a bandage. Do not wrap them tightly, because they can cut off circulation. It's a good idea to have your Vet demonstrate proper bandaging techniques.
A muzzle: Injured dogs, no matter how friendly they are, can inflict serious wounds. Sometimes it may be neccesary to use a muzzle.
Scissors: Sharp, so you can use them to cut bandage material and to clip hair away around wounds.
Thermometer: The digital ones are inexpensive, and quick.
Lubricant: Vaseline is the best, use this for the thermometer, and in whelping.
Tweezers: Use these to pull out splinters, thorns, etc.
Tick pullers: You can use tweezers, but these are designed to remove the whole tick.
Surgical gloves: Wear these when handling wounds.
Antiseptic Lotion: To clean wounds. Obtain the best you can afford from your Vet.

A good choice is betadine. Never use  human medication on a dog. Soak cotton balls in the solution in a clean sterile bowl.
Antiseptic ointment: To apply to minor wounds. Once again  agood choice is betadine. Or use a dry wound powder available from your Vets.
Eye wash: Use this to flush out foreign material from your dogs eye. Do not use one that contains a corticosteroid.
Glycerin suppositories: ( childrens) Use for dogs who have constipation.
Buffered aspirin: (ascriptin). Or baby calpol. Use for muscle sorenes, or sprain.

WARNING: Do not use any other over the counter pain relievers. These are the only safe pain medications for dogs, other than those prescribed by your Vet. Others are toxic to the liver, and can be very harmful
Charcoal: Use for a poison remedy, until a Vet is consulted.
It's a good idea to consult your Vet about how best to administer these supplies. Ask if he, or she,suggests any other items to put in your first aid kit.
Once you have all the supplies you need for your dogs first aid kit, find a good storage container that is lightweight and waterproof.

If in Doubt Consult a Vet Immediately for any Emergency.

How to Give Canine CPR

CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) is the process of breathing life back into an unconscious human. A similar technique can also work effectively on dogs.

The signs that indicate the need for CPR include unconsciousness, lack of arousal, lack of physical movement, or eye blinking. These symptoms can occur from drowning, choking, electrical shock, or a number of other situations.

The key to canine CPR is remembering the ABCs:

   Breathing, and
   Cardiac compression.

To perform the three techniques, follow these steps.

   Lay the dog on a flat surface on its right side and extend the head back to create an airway.

   Open the jaws to check for obstructions, and if any exist and are not easily removed, do one of two things, depending on the size of the dog.
   For small dogs, hold them upside down by their back end and shake vigorously to try removing the obstruction.
   For large dogs, lay them on their side and, if necessary, use long-nosed pliers to remove the obstruction.

   Cup your hands around the muzzle of the dog's mouth so that only the nostrils are clear. Blow air into the nostrils with five or six quick breaths, again, depending on the size of the dog.
   Small dogs and puppies and require short and shallow breaths.
   Larger dogs need longer and deeper breaths.
   Continue the quick breaths at a rate of one breath every three seconds or 20 breaths per minute.

   Check for a heartbeat by using your finger on the inside of the thigh, just above the knee. If you don't feel a pulse, put your hand over the dog's chest cavity where the elbow touches the middle of the chest.If you still don't find a pulse, have one person continue breathing into the nostrils (mouth to snout), while another gives cardiac massage.

   Give the dog a cardiac massage by placing both hands palms down between the third and sixth rib on the chest cavity.
   For large dogs, place your hands on top of each other.
   For small dogs or puppies, place one hand or thumb on the chest.

   Use the heel of your hand(s) to push down for 10 quick compressions and then check to see if consciousness has been restored. If consciousness has not been restored, continue the compressions in cycles of about 10 every six seconds for 10 cycles a minute.

   After each cycle of compression, the other person should give the dog two breaths of air in the nostrils. If only one person is present, this procedure can still be done successfully.

Once the dog has started breathing, contact a veterinarian immediately

(as referenced by First Aid For Dogs by Tim Hawcroft)

 Source: Best Friends Health Library

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